Dr. Shireen Mazari for holistic approach towards controlling nuclear arms


Minister for Human Rights Dr. Shireen Mazari Friday underlined the need for exhibiting holistic approach at international level towards controlling arms, urging the member states of Nuclear Non-Proliferation-Treaty (NPT) to abide by the agreement in letter and spirit. “We need to look into the issue holistically,” she said while addressing a workshop titled “Changing Arms Control Dynamics in the Emerging Global Scenario and its Impact on Our Region,” organized by the Strategies Studies Institute Islamabad (SSII).

She said
the nuclear arms control regimes were basically being challenged now, adding
the fragmentation of the nuclear arms control regimes started happening when
some of the NPT signatories broke their commitments to the treaty’s articles
1&2 by signing nuclear deal with India. The minister said the NPT
signatories had categorically stated in the said articles that “they will
not share any nuclear or dual used technology with non-signatories of the
treaty. So there is a total fragmentation of all arms controls and disarmament
regimes which made nuclear arms control totally redundant.”

Dr. Shireen
said the NPT signatories were trying to make smallest and tactical battlefield
weapons, “So they can rethink weapons in terms of war-fighting, not just
for deterrence. We all have to rethink whether our nuclear weapons are going to
be for deterrence purposes or we also go to think about using small, tactical
and battlefield nukes in actual battles and warfare. That is the dilemma or the
contradiction that prevails.

said hybrid warfare was not new as it started with the cold war regime
“But the form of hybrid warfare has changed. Pakistan should not be
complacent about deterrence we need to be able to now rethink a number of our
strategies, for example, we need to focus on tactical weapons, deterrence plus
war-fighting because the challenge is there.”

The minister
said India’s nuclear proliferation record was worst and even documented but
nobody talked about it, reiterating “there is a fragmentation of existing
international arms control regimes. We have to have more holistic approach
especially towards Artificial Intelligence weapons, robotic weapons especially
hybrid warfare.”

She said
with the more holistic approach that required inputs from international
lawyers, academicians, scientists diplomats “We need really to reevaluate
the way we form our policies whether they are defence or foreign. “By and
large, she said, many countries had now started placing human right as ‘central
point’ of their foreign policies especially European countries and “Time
has come to actually reevaluate how we do diplomacy, and sooner we have that
holistic approach better it will be.

Director General Arms Control and Disarmament Khalid Banuri, Director Arms
Control, Disarmament and International Security, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Husham Ahmed Cheema and Executive Director Center for Peace Security and
Development Syed Muhammad Ali also spoke on various aspects of the changing
arms control dynamics in the emerging global scenario and its impact on the
South Asian region.

Urdu Point.

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