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By Interaction Team

This series is dedicated to showcasing the remarkable achievements and vital contributions of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) and its affiliated institutions. It aims to provide readers with insights into Pakistan’s nuclear advancements, including nuclear science, energy production, healthcare breakthroughs, agricultural innovations, and environmental conservation, all driven by PAEC’s pioneering efforts. The series draws extensively from the insightful book “Johari Nishtar e Tehqeeq,” the first-ever Urdu book on the topic, authored by the well-known scholar, analyst, and Chief editor of the monthly Interaction, Nusrat Mirza. It offers a unique perspective on untold stories, significant milestones, and the unwavering commitment of PAEC and its dedicated scientists and researchers.

The Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (PINSTECH) was established in 1965 in Nilore, Islamabad. It is a leading institution dedicated to nuclear research and development. Initially focused on civilian research, it shifted towards primary weapons development during the 1971 Indo-Pak war. However, since the 1990s, it has refocused on civilian applications. This state-of-the-art institute operates under the jurisdiction of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC), overseeing the peaceful applications of nuclear technology in Pakistan.

PINSTECH is equipped with state-of-the-art facilities, laboratories, and research centers, making it a leading institution in the region for nuclear research and development. The institute actively participates in educational programs, training initiatives, and collaborative projects with international organizations to further scientific knowledge and promote the peaceful applications of nuclear technology.

PINSTECH has a vast research scope, contributing significantly to nuclear research, including physics, reactor technology, medicine, and radiation protection. Its research scope extends to neutron studies, renewable energy, high-performance computing, systems biology, laser technology, and data science. Collaborating with prestigious institutions globally, including CERN, ANL, and ORNL, showcases its international standing in scientific research.

The research divisions at PINSTECH highlight its commitment to excellence. The Directorate of Science, led by the Physics Research Division and Chemistry Research Division, focuses on cutting-edge research in nuclear and radiation studies. The Directorate of System and Services oversees health physics, nuclear engineering, electronics maintenance, and general services. Meanwhile, the Directorate of Technology encompasses materials, isotope applications, and isotope production divisions.

PINSTECH operates several nuclear reactors, including PARR-I and PARR-II, illustrating its dedication to technological advancements. The institute’s commitment to research is underscored by its state-of-the-art facilities, such as the Central Diagnostic Laboratory and Central Analytical Facility, making it a hub for researchers and students from across Pakistan. As PINSTECH enters a new era, it continues to expand its capabilities. Recent initiatives include expansion work aimed at enhancing the institute’s ability to produce isotopes for medical use, especially for cancer treatment, and furthering the peaceful applications of nuclear technology.

In summary, PINSTECH, with its rich history and diverse research portfolio, stands as a beacon of scientific progress in Pakistan. From its origins rooted in geopolitical realities to its present focus on peaceful applications, PINSTECH exemplifies the country’s commitment to advancing knowledge and technology for the betterment of society.

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