X37B Space Air Craft a trouble Maker for Mankind

It is not good for mankind that two X37B space crafts remained in space for 780 days. It had life 9 months in 2005/6 but has been increased to 780 days. It’s worrisome for two reasons: First whenever it was launched it was sure that some natural disaster or calamity shall be inflicted on some of the region specially the Persian Gulf and North Korea Peninsula or Japan. We consider that Flood of 2010 of Pakistan and Tsunami of Japan of 2011 were some connection with X37B.  As described by the chief Editor of this magazine in his article published in daily Jung on 23rd March 2011

“In a recent article, renowned Pakistani columnist Nusrat Mirza accused the U.S. of artificially causing the March 11, 2011 earthquake and tsunami in Japan, calling the radiation leaks resulting from damage to nuclear plants the U.S.’s “second nuclear attack” on the Japanese nation. He argued that the March earthquake was artificially caused by the U.S. X-37B space plane just six days after it was launched.

In his column, titled “The Japanese Earthquake and Tsunami  Natural or Artificial?” Nusrat Mirza argued that the world will have to decide that the 2005 earthquake in Pakistan, the 2010 Pakistani floods, the 2004 tsunami in Indonesia, and the 2011 Japanese earthquake-cum-tsunami were all artificially caused by the U.S., possibly through the use of HAARP technology at a scientific research center in Alaska.”

Secondly, this aircraft has remained for 780 days which is another cause of concern as the report self-explanatory.

 One of the U.S. Air Force’s two top-secret X-37B unmanned, reusable space planes is back on solid ground after a record-setting 780 days circling the planet. Just what it was doing up there since its launch in 2017 remains largely classified, but the marathon mission comes as the United States, and potential adversaries, is increasingly exploring new options for getting payloads outside of the Earth’s atmosphere, or otherwise accessing space, that are faster, more flexible, and are less predictable.

The X-37B in question landed at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center Shuttle Landing Facility at approximately 3:51 AM on Oct. 27, 2019, after finishing what was formally known as Orbital Test Vehicle Mission 5, or OTV-5. The Air Force had first launched this space plane from the Kennedy Space Center’s Launch Complex 39A on Sept. 7, 2017. A Space X Falcon 9 rocket boosted it into the highest inclination orbit of any of the OTV missions to date, an immediate test point that demonstrated an expanded operational envelope for the X-37B. When the development of this space plane first began in 2006, the Air Force said it expected it to be able to stay in orbit for up to 270 days.

“This program continues to push the envelope as the world’s only reusable space vehicle. With a successful landing today, the X-37B completed its longest flight to date and successfully completed all mission objectives,” Randy Walden, the director of the Air Force Rapid Capabilities Office, or RCO, said in a statement. “This mission successfully hosted Air Force Research Laboratory experiments, among others.”

The Air Force has generally declined to offer any significant details about the “experiments” that the X-37B has supported during any of the five OTV missions since 2010, although it is known the space plane carried out some unspecified “experimental electronics” and an experimental oscillating heat pipe, a type of heat sink, as well as equipment to monitor its function, as part of the Air Force Research Laboratory’s (AFRL) Advanced Structurally Embedded Thermal Spreader II (ASETS-II) effort which is “capable of rejecting more than 200 times the maximum heat load of an axially grooved heat pipe, and transporting more than 45 times more heat than copper,” in addition to this it can also allow for increased processing  power, or bandwidth, for commercial and military users.”

It is also know that the previous OTV-4 mission involved the test of Aerojet Rocketdyne’s XR-5A Hall-effect thruster, a type of electric propulsion system that offers greater efficiency for satellites and spacecraft maneuvering in orbit. This was officially in support of the Advanced Extremely High Frequency (AEHF) satellite program, In August 2018, during OTV-5, the X-37B modified its orbit using an unspecified onboard propulsion system.

During OTV-4, which lasted 718 days, the X-37B had also carried approximately 100 samples of materials from for use in building spacecraft from NASA in order to test how they stood up to the rigors of extended time in space. This included items that NASA had previously experimented with on the International Space Station.

“We’re doing experimentation. You know that, publicly we’ve said that,” said at an Air Force Association event just last week. “We’re doing experimentation predominantly to get after what I’ll say is buying down risks for things that can be very expensive in space, and get a good solid understanding of how one would prepare ourselves for either a large buy, an expensive buy if you will, or in this case, get on with how one wants to operate in the future.”

There has also been widespread speculation over the years about what else the X-37Bs might be doing, including whether they might be gathering intelligence or conducting other operational military missions of some kind. In July 2019, former Secretary of the Air Force Heather Wilson, who had already left her post as the service’s top civilian by that time, had reignited those discussions by making curious claims about the space plane’s capabilities.

It “can do an orbit that looks like an egg and, when it’s close to the Earth, it’s close enough to the atmosphere to turn where it is,” she said at the annual Aspen Security Forum. “Which means our adversaries don’t know  and that happens on the far side of the Earth from our adversaries  where it’s going to come up next. And we know that that drives them nuts. And I’m really glad about that.”

It remains unclear exactly what type of operational envelope she might have been referring to, but this could reflect the X-37B’s ability to dip a wing into the atmosphere as it passes by, using that force to rapidly redirect its orbit. However, experts and amateur observers, who had been actively tracking the X-37B’s movements during OTV-5, almost immediately questioned whether the space plane had actually been performing such maneuvers or even had this capability. It’s also not clear why, if these orbital characteristics offered such a benefit for keeping potential opponents befuddled about the X-37B’s activities, she would publicly disclose them.

What is clear is that the Air Force sees the X-37Bs, which RCO chief Walden had described as “workhorses,” as important stepping stones to future space launch and space-based concepts and capabilities. The space plane is also a clear demonstration of the value of using unmanned platforms, which can conduct operations beyond the limits of human endurance and without the need for life support systems. The record for the longest stay by any individual in space, which Russian cosmonaut Valeri Polyakov set between 1994 and 1995 aboard the space station Mir, sits at 678.7 days and required regular supply shipments, as does any crewed space station.

At the Air Force Association gathering, he suggested the service was using them to test various concepts of operation for reusable spacecraft, which could be applicable to future systems, according to Air Force Magazine. He also said that “the data are still out” on whether the Air Force might want further improved X-37s, and more of them, or an all-new follow-on space plane.

Increasing and very real concerns about a potential adversary employing anti-satellite capabilities during a crisis to degrade U.S. military access to space-based early warning, intelligence gathering, communications and data sharing, navigation, and more, have been driving these types of developments. Russia and China both, among others, have been actively working to develop terrestrial and space-based methods of disabling or destroying targets in orbit. This growing military space race, which includes plans in multiple countries for placing ostensibly defensive weapons in orbit, is also what has prompted the Pentagon to re-establish U.S. Space Command and led advocates in Congress to push for an all-new Space Force service branch.

“The safe return of this spacecraft [the X-37B], after breaking its own endurance record, is the result of the innovative partnership between government and industry,” U.S. Air Force Chief of Staff General David Goldfein said in his own statement after the completion of OTV-5. “The sky is no longer the limit for the Air Force and, if Congress approves, the U.S. Space Force.”

The X-37B program is already looking toward its next mission, scheduled to start in 2020, during which it will continue to help the Air Force  and maybe the Space Force  develop new and advanced space-related capabilities as that domain becomes ever-more important to U.S. military operations, as a whole. Now the world community has to decide if when any natural disaster calamity occurs abnormally, what it has to ask USA.

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